Love and Affection

Support and accept the child, are physically affectionate, and spend quality one-on-one time together.

Stress Management

Take steps to reduce stress for yourself and your child, practice relaxation techniques and promote positive interpretations of events.

Relationship Skills

Maintain a healthy relationship with your spouse, significant other or co-parent and model effective relationship skills with other people.

Autonomy and Independence

Treat your child with respect and encourage him or her to become self-sufficient and self-reliant.

Education and Learning

Promote and model learning and open-mindedness for your child.

Life Skills

Provide for your child, have a steady income and plan for the future.

Behaviour Management

Make extensive use of positive reinforcement and punish only when other methods of managing behaviour have failed.


You model a healthy lifestyle and good habits, such as regular exercise and proper nutrition, for your child.


Support spiritual or religious development and participate in spiritual or religious activities.


Take precautions to protect your child and maintain awareness of the child’s activities and friends.